Child Labor Essay Writing Sample
Child labor is a situation where young children are employed to work on firms, homes, hotels, and firms. The practice is common in developing countries but is limited in developed nations where it is considered to be illegal and a violation of human rights. The history of child labor can be traced back to the Victorian era. During this period, children were forced to work in mines and factories. Child labor also played a critical role during the industrial revolution. In this case, children as young as five years were forced to work in manufacturing industries under poor working conditions.
The introduction of child rights and human rights into the constitution of most countries has slowly curbed child labor. In Britain, for instance, the Factory Acts demands that children not more than ten years should not be allowed to work.
Child labor is mainly contributed by poverty. Most parents send their children to work so that they can bring the much needed income. The practice is common in poor countries. Children are forced to work in sweatshops, factories, fields; mines match factories, and households. On the other hand, children may work as tourist guides and some are sexually abused by tourist. Such cases are common in places like Kelala and Goa.
In the current world, more than 200 million children work, most of them in full-time basis. Majority of these children do not attend school, and are given little time to play. Moreover, they do not get proper parental care or nutrition. More than 50% of these children work in drug trafficking, slavery, prostitution, as well as in armed conflict Child labor is unacceptable and a violation of children rights. Some developed countries boycott products or goods made by these children. Children should be allowed to enjoy their childhood and should not be allowed to work like adults. The practice is evil and should be banned by governments. A child should not be denied the right for education just because of poverty.
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Child labour is a broadly defined term with different definitions from different viewpoints of international forums. All definitions come to a centered meaning of the deprivation of children their childhood either socially, mentally, physically or morally. They are the exploitive practices that are harmful to children. It is also worth noting that not all work done by children is child labor depending on their age, working conditions and its effects socially and on their education. There is also an historical variation in how child labor was employed over the times for instance in the colonies of European powers before 1940.Children in the 5-14 years worked in the agriculture, factories, mining and in heavy domestic activities. Although child labor practices have reduced by around a third as reported by the United Nations children’s fund, it still prevails with sub Saharan countries leading in the count. This is majorly because of the deep rooted poverty and poor or no schooling opportunities.
Causes of child labor
Child labor still continues to stand on the way of development of a better child even amidst the laws and regulative standards to eliminate it.
Poverty stands as the biggest cause of child labor according to statistics. Poor parents end up taking their children to work rather than school. Children are forced to their parents or for them work with so that they can be able to meet their necessities. This may be a consequence of low employment in the affected nations.
Limited access to education due to its cost or because of the remote nature of the area can also be a contributory factor. The parents may find out that the education is relevant and therefore prefer having their children work to them being in school for no benefit. Others may be violation of laws, improper reinforcement of the laws.
Various aspects of child labor
There are adverse forms of child labor like commercial sexual exploitation, engagement in drug trafficking and armed conflicts as slaves. Child labor devastates many children in the informal sector of the economy where child work receiving no payment, with food and only a place to sleep. There also no medication guaranteed if they fall sick and no place to report mistreatments by their employers. Agriculture is reportedly the biggest sector where child labor is witnessed across the universe.
Exploitation of children can be reduced if keen measures such as educating parents on the importance of children to them and their nations. This is useful to a great measure.