Image Processing Research Paper Topics

FREE research papers and projects on digital image processing


Digital image processing is the use of computer algorithms to perform image processing on digital images. As a subcategory or field of digital signal processing, digital image processing has many advantages over analog image processing. It allows a much wider range of algorithms to be applied to the input data and can avoid problems such as the build-up of noise and signal distortion during processing. Since images are defined over two dimensions (perhaps more) digital image processing may be modeled in the form of Multidimensional Systems.

Some techniques which are used in digital image processing include:
Pixelization
Linear filtering
Principal components analysis
Independent component analysis
Hidden Markov models
Anisotropic diffusion
Partial differential equations
Self-organizing maps
Neural networks
Wavelets


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Our department has a strong research program in the areas of image processing and image-based pattern recognition. Many results and algorithms we developed are generic in their nature and find their use in numerous application areas. This includes digital photography, surveillance systems, image forensics, biomedicine, remote sensing, astronomy and art conservation.
On this page, we summarize the most important problems we work or worked on. Each area contains a short text explaining in brief results we achieved including links to related journal papers.

Image registration

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Image registration is a process of matching and overlaying two or more images of the same scene. It is one of the most important image processing operations in medical imaging, remote sensing, surveillance, robot vision, quality inspection, and in many others. Image registration is a necessary step when performing image fusion, detecting changes, and importing the images into information systems.
The main publications can be found here




Theory of invariants and its application to recognition

During last fifteen years we contributed significantly to the theory of moments invariants. This includes derivation of complete systems of invariants with respect to affine transformation, with respect to blurring by kernels with various types of symmetries and also invariants to combined degradations. These results are explained in more detail under the following links.


Our experience with moments and moment invariants gained from years of research in this area resulted in two books
covering the current state-of-the-art and presenting the latest developments in this field.
The first book is Moments and Moment Invariants in Pattern Recognition. The book presents a unique overview of recent as well as traditional image analysis and pattern recognition methods based on image moments. Read more.
The second book is 2D and 3D Image Analysis by Moments.
It is the substantial extension of the first book. Particularly, recognition of 3D objects is analysed in more details. Read more.



Restoration of degraded images

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In recent years, we work on algorithms removing a wide variety of degradations that are common in digital imaging.
We consider mainly noise, blurring and insufficient resolution.
The main research topics are



Applications in cultural heritage and art restoration

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We have been involved in several cultural heritage applications. Nowadays, art restorers and conservators use various visual sensors for better analysis of old artworks and modern image processing methods can facilitate their work. The following list presents areas where our team was involved



Image Forensics

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We are active in developing mathematical and computational algorithms capable of detecting the traces of tampering in digital images. Below are short descriptions of some of our past and current work in this field.

Microscopy images processing

Manual processing of microscopy images is very tedious and prone to errors, therefore we develop a new automated methods. Main tasks in processing are segmentation of cells from the background, segmentation of individual cells and their tracking over time.



Medical Imaging



Projects

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We have been involved in many projects with other universities, research institutes and commercial companies. Here are several examples of the results of such cooperation.



Other (mostly noteworthy master theses)

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